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Topic: Cardiovascular

American Heart Association says when Heart Disease runs in the Family, Exercise may be Best Defense

 

American Heart Association Circulation Journal Report

American Heart AssociationDallas, TXExercise may be the best way to keep hearts healthy – and it works even for people with a genetic pre-disposition for heart disease, according to new findings in the American Heart Association’s journal, Circulation.

Data assessed from roughly a half-million people in the UK Biobank database showed that greater grip strength, more physical activity and better cardiorespiratory fitness are all associated with reduced risk for heart attacks and stroke, even among people with a genetic predisposition for heart disease.

As fitness increases, heart risk decreases regardless of genetic risk. (American Heart Association)

As fitness increases, heart risk decreases regardless of genetic risk. (American Heart Association)

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American Heart Association says Targeting Pathway may reduce Cocaine’s Cardiovascular Harms

 

Hypertension Journal Report

American Heart AssociationDallas, TX – Scientists have discovered a potential new pathway to treat the harmful effect of cocaine on the cardiovascular system, according to new research in the American Heart Association’s journal Hypertension.

Researchers found that excess levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), molecules known to be found in the aortas of hypertensive animals and humans, are also involved in cocaine-related cardiovascular disease.

Cocaine in mice increased levels of reactive oxygen species, molecules known to cause cardiovascular disease. (American Heart Association)

Cocaine in mice increased levels of reactive oxygen species, molecules known to cause cardiovascular disease. (American Heart Association)

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American Heart Association says Less than One in 100 Stroke Survivors meet Heart Health Goals

 

American Heart AssociationLos Angeles, CA – Fewer than one in 100 stroke survivors meet all of Life’s Simple 7 goals for ideal cardiovascular health identified by the American Heart Association.

Moreover, the proportion who fail to meet almost all of the criteria is on the rise, according to preliminary research presented at the American Stroke Association’s International Stroke Conference 2018, a world premier meeting dedicated to the science and treatment of cerebrovascular disease for researchers and clinicians.

Learn to Protect Your Heart and Your Brain with Life’s Simple 7 at www.heart.org/mylifecheck Unhealthy behaviors can lead to narrowing of the blood vessels, reducing blood flow to the brain and potentially leading to hardening of the arteries of the heart and the brain. My Life Check - Life's Simple 7. (American Heart Association)

Learn to Protect Your Heart and Your Brain with Life’s Simple 7 at www.heart.org/mylifecheck Unhealthy behaviors can lead to narrowing of the blood vessels, reducing blood flow to the brain and potentially leading to hardening of the arteries of the heart and the brain. My Life Check – Life’s Simple 7. (American Heart Association)

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American Heart Association says Neighborhood factors may predict Heart Failure

 

Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes Journal Report

American Heart AssociationDallas, TX – Neighborhood-level socioeconomic factors in low-income areas may significantly predict heart failure risk beyond individual health factors and socioeconomic status, according to new research in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes, an American Heart Association journal.

The study compared census tract data on socioeconomic deprivation – a clustering of neighborhood-level variables of wealth, education, occupation and housing patterns – and heart failure rates among 27,078 middle-aged whites and African-Americans from the Southeastern states.

Improvements in community resources such as exercise facilities, healthy food outlets and medical facilities could benefit residents. (American Heart Association)

Improvements in community resources such as exercise facilities, healthy food outlets and medical facilities could benefit residents. (American Heart Association)

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American Heart Association reports Mental Stress-Induced constricted blood vessels more likely in Women

 

American Heart AssociationDallas, TX – In women with heart disease, constriction of peripheral vessels during mental stress affects the heart circulation more than men’s, potentially raising women’s risk of heart-related events and death, according to new research in Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology, an American Heart Association journal.

In most people, mental stress causes peripheral vessels to constrict. In people with heart disease, this effect can cause a reduction in blood supply to the heart muscle called “ischemia.”

Woman in Stress

Woman in Stress

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Sleep deprivation may increase risk of cardiovascular disease in older women

 

American Heart AssociationAnaheim, CA – Older women who don’t get enough sleep were more likely to have poor cardiovascular health, according to preliminary research presented at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2017, a premier global exchange of the latest advances in cardiovascular science for researchers and clinicians.

In the new study, researchers considered sleeping at least two hours more during the weekend than on the weekday as a sign of being in sleep debt.

Sleeping woman. (American Heart Association)

Sleeping woman. (American Heart Association)

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Heat-not-Burn Tobacco Products may be ‘not so hot’ at protecting Blood Vessel Function

 

American Heart AssociationAnaheim, CA – Heat-not-burn devices may eliminate users’ exposure to tobacco smoke, but the vapor they produce has the same negative impact on blood vessel function as smoking, according to a preliminary animal study presented at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2017, a premier global exchange of the latest advances in cardiovascular science for researchers and clinicians.

Heat-not-burn products are not new, but have been recently updated and test marketed in several countries outside the United States with greater success.

iQOS device used in “Impairment of Endothelial Function by Inhalation of Heat-Not-Burn Tobacco Aerosol” study. (Jesse Elias)

iQOS device used in “Impairment of Endothelial Function by Inhalation of Heat-Not-Burn Tobacco Aerosol” study. (Jesse Elias)

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Gobbling your Food may harm your Waistline and Heart says American Heart Association

 

American Heart AssociationAnaheim, CA – People who eat slowly are less likely to become obese or develop metabolic syndrome, a cluster of heart disease, diabetes and stroke risk factors, according to preliminary research presented at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2017, a premier global exchange of the latest advances in cardiovascular science for researchers and clinicians.

Faster eating speed was associated with more weight gain, higher blood glucose and larger waistline. (American Heart Association)

Faster eating speed was associated with more weight gain, higher blood glucose and larger waistline. (American Heart Association)

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American Heart Association says Quality of Stent Procedures consistently good across U.S. regardless of popular Hospital Ranking

 

American Heart Association Meeting Report Poster Presentation S2003

American Heart AssociationAnaheim, CA – Hospitals ranked among the best in cardiology and heart surgery by U.S. News and World Report appear no better at performing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), a potentially life-saving heart procedure, than unranked hospitals, according to preliminary research presented at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2017, a premier global exchange of the latest advances in cardiovascular science for researchers and clinicians.

Patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), or angioplasty, for blocked or narrowed arteries appear to fare equally well at hospitals ranked among the best in heart care by U.S. News and World Report and at unranked hospitals. (American Heart Association)

Patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), or angioplasty, for blocked or narrowed arteries appear to fare equally well at hospitals ranked among the best in heart care by U.S. News and World Report and at unranked hospitals. (American Heart Association)

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American Heart Association says Sexual Activity rarely a Heart-Stopping Activity

 

Sunday News Tip Poster Presentation S2086

American Heart AssociationAnaheim, CASexual activity is rarely associated with sudden cardiac arrest, a life-threatening malfunction of the heart’s electrical system causing the heart to suddenly stop beating, according to preliminary research presented at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2017, a premier global exchange of the latest advances in cardiovascular science for researchers and clinicians.

To determine whether sexual activity might trigger sudden cardiac arrest, researchers examined records on 4,557 cases of cardiac arrest in adults between 2002 and 2015 in a community in the northwestern United States.

One in 100 cases of cardiac arrest in men was associated with sexual activity, compared with one in 1,000 cases in women. (American Heart Association)

One in 100 cases of cardiac arrest in men was associated with sexual activity, compared with one in 1,000 cases in women. (American Heart Association)

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