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Topic: Stroke

American Heart Association says Plaque in Arteries may not all be the same

 

American Heart AssociationBoston, MA – According to preliminary research presented at the American Heart Association’s Vascular Discovery Scientific Sessions 2019, a premier global exchange of the latest advances in new and emerging scientific research in arteriosclerosis, thrombosis, vascular biology, peripheral vascular disease, vascular surgery and functional genomics, a specific type of immune cell is more commonly found in arterial plaque from patients suffering from a recent stroke or mini-stroke.

Not all plaque is alike; researchers have found that a specific type of immune cell is more common in arterial plaque that is likely to cause a stroke or mini-stroke. (American Heart Association)

Not all plaque is alike; researchers have found that a specific type of immune cell is more common in arterial plaque that is likely to cause a stroke or mini-stroke. (American Heart Association)

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American Heart Association says Prolonged exposure to Low-Dose Radiation may increase the risk of Hypertension

 

Hypertension is a known cause of Heart Disease and Stroke

American Heart AssociationDallas, TX – According to a study of workers at a nuclear plant in Russia published in the American Heart Association’s journal Hypertension, prolonged exposure to low doses of ionizing radiation increased the risk of hypertension

Uncontrolled hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, can to lead to heart attack, stroke, heart failure and other serious health problems.

This study is the first to associate an increased risk of hypertension to low doses of ionizing radiation among a large group of workers who were chronically exposed over many years. (American Heart Association)

This study is the first to associate an increased risk of hypertension to low doses of ionizing radiation among a large group of workers who were chronically exposed over many years. (American Heart Association)

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American Heart Association says Many Stroke Patients not screened for Osteoporosis, despite known risks

 

American Heart AssociationDallas, TX – The majority of stroke survivors are not screened or treated for osteoporosis, broken bones, or fall risk — despite stroke being a risk factor for these conditions. The risk is up to four times greater than in healthy people, according to new research in the American Heart Association’s journal Stroke.

Stroke survivors often face reduced mobility — a trait that decreases bone mineral density and increases risk for bone breaks.

Many stroke survivors have an increased risk of osteoporosis, falls or breaks when compared to healthy people. (American Heart Association)

Many stroke survivors have an increased risk of osteoporosis, falls or breaks when compared to healthy people. (American Heart Association)

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American Heart Association reports Experimental Antiplatelet Compound for Acute Stroke shows promise

 

American Heart AssociationDallas, TX – American Heart Association says a common and potentially dangerous side effect of current anticlotting therapies, is bleeding. An experimental antiplatelet compound inhibited clot formation without increasing bleeding, according to new phase I research in Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology, an American Heart Association journal.

The results of the industry-sponsored trial are based on a first-in-human study of the new compound called ACT017.

First-in-human study shows the anticlotting drug was well-tolerated without serious safety concerns in healthy volunteers. (American Heart Association)

First-in-human study shows the anticlotting drug was well-tolerated without serious safety concerns in healthy volunteers. (American Heart Association)

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American College of Cardiology / American Heart Association Guidance for Preventing Heart Disease, Stroke

 

American Heart Association 

American Heart AssociationNew Orleans, LA – The choices we make every day can have a lasting effect on our heart and vascular health. Adopting a heart healthy eating plan, getting more exercise, avoiding tobacco and managing known risk factors are among the key recommendations in the 2019 Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease guideline from the American College of Cardiology (ACC) and the American Heart Association (AHA).

Also, it is recommended that aspirin should only rarely be used to help prevent heart attacks and stroke in people without known cardiovascular disease.

4 chambers of the heart: right atrium, right ventricle, left atrium, left ventricle. (American Heart Association)

4 chambers of the heart: right atrium, right ventricle, left atrium, left ventricle. (American Heart Association)

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American Heart Association reports Diet Drinks may be associated with Strokes among Post-Menopausal Women

 

American Heart Association Stroke Journal Report

American Heart AssociationDallas, TX – Among post-menopausal women, drinking multiple diet drinks daily was associated with an increase in the risk of having a stroke caused by a blocked artery, especially small arteries, according to research published in Stroke, a journal of the American Heart Association.

In a large observational study, women who reported drinking more than one diet soda or other artificially sweetened drink a day had a higher risk of strokes caused by a blood clot. (American Heart Association)

In a large observational study, women who reported drinking more than one diet soda or other artificially sweetened drink a day had a higher risk of strokes caused by a blood clot. (American Heart Association)

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American Stroke Association reports Counties with Dirtier Air have more Stroke Deaths

 

American Stroke Association

American Stroke Association - American Heart AssociationDallas, TX – In a nationwide study, counties with dirtier air had higher rates of stroke deaths and shorter life expectancies, according to preliminary research to be presented in Honolulu at the American Stroke Association’s International Stroke Conference 2019, a world premier meeting for researchers and clinicians dedicated to the science and treatment of cerebrovascular disease.

Researchers examined the average yearly levels air pollution (PM2.5) that contains fine inhalable particles.

About half of U.S. counties have annual air pollution levels that exceed guidelines from the Environmental Protection Agency. (American Heart Association)

About half of U.S. counties have annual air pollution levels that exceed guidelines from the Environmental Protection Agency. (American Heart Association)

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American Heart Association says Cigarette Smoking associated with increased risk of Peripheral Artery Disease in African Americans

 

Journal of the American Heart Association Report

American Heart AssociationDallas, TX – African Americans who smoke cigarettes are more likely than those who don’t smoke to develop peripheral artery disease, according to new research in Journal of the American Heart Association, the Open Access Journal of the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association.

Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a narrowing of arteries other then those directly serving the heart.

A blood clot forming in the carotid artery. (American Heart Association)

A blood clot forming in the carotid artery. (American Heart Association)

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American Heart Association says Regular Flu Shots may save Heart Failure Patients’ Lives

 

American Heart Association Circulation Journal Report

American Heart AssociationDallas, TX – Getting an annual flu shot can save heart failure patients’ lives, according to new research in the American Heart Association’s journal Circulation. 

Flu season usually begins in the fall and runs through the spring, with cases often peaking during the winter months. Annual flu vaccination is regarded as a safe, low-cost way to reduce flu-related deaths and complications and is routinely recommended for patients with histories of heart disease and stroke.

Compared with skipping a flu shot, getting a flu shot was associated with an 18 percent reduced risk of premature death among newly-diagnosed heart failure patients. (American Heart Association)

Compared with skipping a flu shot, getting a flu shot was associated with an 18 percent reduced risk of premature death among newly-diagnosed heart failure patients. (American Heart Association)

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American Heart Association says In-Hospital Infections increase odds of readmission for Stroke Patients

 

American Heart Association Stroke Journal Report

American Heart AssociationDallas, TX – Hospitalized ischemic stroke patients with an infection are significantly more likely to be readmitted within 30 days, regardless of the severity of their stroke or other individual patient characteristics, according to new research published in the American Heart Association’s journal Stroke.

Ischemic strokes are caused by a blockage in an artery leading to the brain and are the most common type of stroke.

Ischemic stroke patients who have an infection, even one as common as a urinary tract infection, identified while hospitalized are more likely than others to be readmitted within the first 30 days after being discharged. (American Heart Association)

Ischemic stroke patients who have an infection, even one as common as a urinary tract infection, identified while hospitalized are more likely than others to be readmitted within the first 30 days after being discharged. (American Heart Association)

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