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HomeTech/ScienceNASA's Mars Odyssey Orbiter observes Comet Siding Spring as it passes Mars

NASA’s Mars Odyssey Orbiter observes Comet Siding Spring as it passes Mars

Written by Guy Webster
NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory

NASA - National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationPasadena, CA – The longest-lived robot ever sent to Mars came through its latest challenge in good health, reporting home on schedule after sheltering behind Mars from possible comet dust.

NASA’s Mars Odyssey was out of communications with Earth, as planned, while conducting observations of comet C/2013 A1 Siding Spring on Sunday, October 19th, as the comet flew near Mars.

Artist's concept of NASA's Mars Odyssey spacecraft. (NASA/JPL)
Artist’s concept of NASA’s Mars Odyssey spacecraft. (NASA/JPL)

The comet sped within about 88,000 miles (139,500 kilometers) of Mars, equivalent to about one-third of the distance between Earth and Earth’s moon. Odyssey had performed a maneuver on August 5th to adjust the timing of its orbit so that it would be shielded by Mars itself during the minutes, around 1:00pm PDT (4:00pm EDT) today, when computer modeling projected a slight risk from high-velocity dust particles in the comet’s tail.

“The telemetry received from Odyssey this afternoon confirms not only that the spacecraft is in fine health but also that it conducted the planned observations of comet Siding Spring within hours of the comet’s closest approach to Mars,” said Odyssey Mission Manager Chris Potts of NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, speaking from mission operations center at Lockheed Martin Space Systems, Denver.

Comet Siding Spring observations were made by the orbiter’s Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS). Resulting images are expected in coming days after the data is downlinked to Earth and processed. THEMIS is also scheduled to record a combined image of the comet and a portion of Mars later this week. In addition, the Odyssey mission is using the spacecraft’s Neutron Spectrometer and High Energy Neutron detector to assess possible effects on Mars’ atmosphere of dust and gas from the comet.

Three NASA Mars orbiters, two Mars rovers and other assets on Earth and in space are studying comet Siding Spring. This comet is making its first visit this close to the sun from the outer solar system’s Oort Cloud, so the concerted campaign of observations may yield fresh clues to our solar system’s earliest days more than 4 billion years ago.

Following the comet flyby, operations teams have also confirmed the good health of NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter and of NASA’s Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN) orbiter.

Mars Odyssey has worked at the Red Planet longer than any other Mars mission in history. NASA launched the spacecraft on April 7th, 2001, and Odyssey arrived at Mars October 24th, 2001. Besides conducting its own scientific observations, the mission provides a communication relay for robots on the Martian surface.

Odyssey is managed by JPL for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate in Washington. Lockheed Martin Space Systems built the spacecraft. JPL and Lockheed Martin collaborate on operating the spacecraft. The California Institute of Technology in Pasadena manages JPL for NASA.

Arizona State University, Tempe, designed and operates THEMIS, which takes images in a range of visible light and infrared wavelengths. Odyssey’s Neutron Spectrometer, provided by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Los Alamos National Laboratories in New Mexico, and High Energy Neutron Detector, provided by the Russia’s Space Research Institute, are parts of the mission’s Gamma Ray Spectrometer suite, managed by the University of Arizona, Tucson.

For more about the Mars Odyssey mission, visit:


For more about comet C/2013 A1 Siding Spring, visit:



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