Written by Preston Dyches
NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory
Pasadena, CA – NASA’s Cassini spacecraft is set to make its first dive through the narrow gap between Saturn and its rings on April 26th, 2017.
Because that gap is a region no spacecraft has ever explored, Cassini will use its dish-shaped high-gain antenna (13 feet or 4 meters across) as a protective shield while passing through the ring plane. No particles larger than smoke particles are expected, but the precautionary measure is being taken on the first dive.The Cassini team will use data collected by one of the spacecraft’s science instruments (the Radio and Plasma Wave Subsystem, or RPWS) to ascertain the size and density of ring particles in the gap in advance of future dives.
As a result of its antenna-forward orientation, the spacecraft will be out of contact with Earth during the dive.
Below is a list of milestones expected to occur during the event, if all goes as planned:
— 5:00pm PDT (7:00pm CDT) on April 25th: Cassini is approaching Saturn over the planet’s northern hemisphere in advance of its first of 22 planned dives through the gap between the planet and its rings.
— 1:34am PDT (3:34am CDT) on April 26th: As it passes from north to south over Saturn, Cassini begins a 14-minute turn to point its high-gain antenna into the direction of oncoming ring particles. In this orientation, the antenna acts as a protective shield for Cassini’s instruments and engineering systems.
— 2:00am PDT (4:00am CDT) on April 26th: Cassini crosses the ring plane during its dive between the rings and Saturn. The spacecraft’s science instruments are collecting data, but Cassini is not in contact with Earth at this time.
— No earlier than 11:50pm PDT on April 26th (1:50am CDT on April 27th): Earth has its first opportunity to regain contact with Cassini as the giant, 230-foot (70-meter) Deep Space Network antenna at Goldstone, California, listens for the spacecraft’s radio signal.
— Likely no earlier than 12:30am PDT (2:30am CDT) on April 27th: Images are scheduled to become available from the spacecraft.
As Cassini engineers monitor the status of the spacecraft, updates to these milestones will be added at:
Updates will also be posted on social media at:
More information about Cassini is at:
The Cassini-Huygens mission is a cooperative project of NASA, ESA (European Space Agency) and the Italian Space Agency. JPL, a division of Caltech in Pasadena, California, manages the mission for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate. JPL designed, developed and assembled the Cassini orbiter.