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Topic: Cosmic Assembly Near-infrared Deep Extragalactic Legacy Survey

NASA’s Hubble Observes Young Dwarf Galaxies Bursting With Stars

 

NASA - National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationGreenbelt, MD – Using its near-infrared vision to peer 9 billion years back in time, NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope has uncovered an extraordinary population of young dwarf galaxies brimming with star formation. While dwarf galaxies are the most common type of galaxy in the universe, the rapid star-birth observed in these newly found examples may force astronomers to reassess their understanding of the ways in which galaxies form.

The galaxies are a hundred times less massive, on average, than the Milky Way, yet churn out stars at such a furious pace that their stellar content would double in just 10 million years. By comparison, the Milky Way would take a thousand times longer to double its star population.

This image reveals 18 tiny galaxies uncovered by NASA's Hubble Space Telescope. The puny galaxies, shown in the postage stamp-sized images, existed 9 billion years ago and are brimming with star birth. Hubble's Wide Field Camera 3 and Advanced Camera for Surveys spied the galaxies in a field called the Great Observatories Origins Deep Survey (GOODS). (Credit: NASA, ESA, A. van der Wel (Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Heidelberg, Germany), H. Ferguson and A. Koekemoer (STScI.), and the CANDELS team)

This image reveals 18 tiny galaxies uncovered by NASA's Hubble Space Telescope. The puny galaxies, shown in the postage stamp-sized images, existed 9 billion years ago and are brimming with star birth. Hubble's Wide Field Camera 3 and Advanced Camera for Surveys spied the galaxies in a field called the Great Observatories Origins Deep Survey (GOODS). (Credit: NASA, ESA, A. van der Wel (Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Heidelberg, Germany), H. Ferguson and A. Koekemoer (STScI.), and the CANDELS team)

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