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Topic: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NASA Analysis shows 2020 Tied for Warmest Year on Record

 

NASA - National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationWashington, D.C. – Earth’s global average surface temperature in 2020 tied with 2016 as the warmest year on record, according to an analysis by NASA.

Continuing the planet’s long-term warming trend, the year’s globally averaged temperature was 1.84 degrees Fahrenheit (1.02 degrees Celsius) warmer than the baseline 1951-1980 mean, according to scientists at NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) in New York. 2020 edged out 2016 by a very small amount, within the margin of error of the analysis, making the years effectively tied for the warmest year on record.

This plot shows yearly temperature anomalies from 1880 to 2019, with respect to the 1951-1980 mean, as recorded by NASA, NOAA, the Berkeley Earth research group, and the Met Office Hadley Centre (UK). Though there are minor variations from year to year, all five temperature records show peaks and valleys in sync with each other. All show rapid warming in the past few decades, and all show the past decade has been the warmest. (NASA GISS/Gavin Schmidt)

This plot shows yearly temperature anomalies from 1880 to 2019, with respect to the 1951-1980 mean, as recorded by NASA, NOAA, the Berkeley Earth research group, and the Met Office Hadley Centre (UK). Though there are minor variations from year to year, all five temperature records show peaks and valleys in sync with each other. All show rapid warming in the past few decades, and all show the past decade has been the warmest. (NASA GISS/Gavin Schmidt)

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President Donald Trump signs National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Officer Corps Amendments Act of 2020

 

The White HouseWashington, D.C. – I have signed into law S. 2981, the “National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Officer Corps Amendments Act of 2020” (the “Act”), which will provide helpful changes to the governance of the NOAA Commissioned Officer Corps.

I note that section 207 of the Act purports to authorize NOAA officers to communicate directly with the Congress, free from supervision within the executive branch and free from consequence in the event they make unauthorized disclosures, such as classified or confidential information related to an ongoing investigation.

U.S. President Donald J. Trump

U.S. President Donald J. Trump

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NASA app lets you follow Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich orbiting the Earth

 

NASA - National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationPasadena, CA – When Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich was encapsulated in the payload fairing of a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket, it was the last time human eyes would have a close-up look at the satellite. But now that the spacecraft is in orbit after launching from Vandenberg Air Force Base in central California on November 21st, 2020 NASA’s Eyes on the Earth is keeping track.

The app provides a 3D visualization of the sea-level-monitoring satellite, letting you see where it is right now as it glides over the cloud-covered globe.

The Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich satellite launched from Vandenberg Air Force Base in central California on Nov. 21. NASA's Eyes visualization tools lets you track the spacecraft as begins its mission to measure sea level height as it orbits Earth. (NASA/JPL-Caltech)

The Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich satellite launched from Vandenberg Air Force Base in central California on Nov. 21. NASA’s Eyes visualization tools lets you track the spacecraft as begins its mission to measure sea level height as it orbits Earth. (NASA/JPL-Caltech)

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NASA says Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich Satellite set to Launch Saturday

 

NASA - National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationWashington, D.C. – NASA reports that Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich, the latest in a series of spacecraft designed to monitor our oceans, is scheduled to launch from Vandenberg Air Force Base in central California on Saturday, November 21st, 2020

The satellite will be followed in 2025 by its twin, Sentinel-6B. Together, the pair is tasked with extending our nearly 30-year-long record of global sea surface height measurements. Instruments aboard the satellites will also provide atmospheric data that will improve weather forecasts, climate models, and hurricane tracking.

This illustration shows the SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket's nose cone, with the Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich satellite inside, shortly before launch. (SpaceX)

This illustration shows the SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket’s nose cone, with the Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich satellite inside, shortly before launch. (SpaceX)

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NASA announces Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich Ready for Launch

 

NASA - National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationPasadena, CA – NASA says with a little over two weeks to go until its California launch, the Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich spacecraft is undergoing final preparations. Technicians and engineers have encapsulated the satellite in the payload fairing – the protective nosecone that will ride atop the SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket. The launch is targeted for November 21st, 2020.

“We’re almost there,” said project manager Parag Vaze of NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Southern California.

The Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich satellite is encapsulated in a protective nosecone, or payload fairing, at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California. The fairing will sit atop a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket that will launch the satellite into Earth orbit in the late-November 2020. (NASA/Randy Beaudoin)

The Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich satellite is encapsulated in a protective nosecone, or payload fairing, at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California. The fairing will sit atop a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket that will launch the satellite into Earth orbit in the late-November 2020. (NASA/Randy Beaudoin)

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NASA – European Sea Level Satellite Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich being prepared for Launch

 

NASA - National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationPasadena, CA – NASA says preparations are ramping up for the November 10th, 2020 launch of the world’s latest sea level satellite. Since arriving in a giant cargo plane at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California last month, Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich has been undergoing final checks, including visual inspections, to make sure it’s fit to head into orbit.

Surviving the bone-rattling vibrations and sounds of launch atop a Falcon 9 rocket is just the start of the mission.

The Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich satellite undergoes final preparations in a clean room at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California for an early November launch. (ESA/Bill Simpson)

The Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich satellite undergoes final preparations in a clean room at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California for an early November launch. (ESA/Bill Simpson)

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NASA says Sea Level Mission to collect data on Earth’s Oceans, Atmosphere

 

NASA - National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationPasadena, CA – When a satellite by the name of Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich launches this November, its primary focus will be to monitor sea level rise with extreme precision. But an instrument aboard the spacecraft will also provide atmospheric data that will improve weather forecasts, track hurricanes, and bolster climate models.

“Our fundamental goal with Sentinel-6 is to measure the oceans, but the more value we can add, the better,” said Josh Willis, the mission’s project scientist at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Southern California. “It’s not every day that we get to launch a satellite, so collecting more useful data about our oceans and atmosphere is a bonus.”

The Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich spacecraft undergoes tests at its manufacturer Airbus in Friedrichshafen, Germany, in 2019. The white GNSS-RO instrument can be seen attached to the upper left portion of the front of the spacecraft. (Airbus)

The Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich spacecraft undergoes tests at its manufacturer Airbus in Friedrichshafen, Germany, in 2019. The white GNSS-RO instrument can be seen attached to the upper left portion of the front of the spacecraft. (Airbus)

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NASA’s Terra satellite images shows Tropical Storm Laura over Hispaniola

 

NASA - National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationGreenbelt, MD – Very powerful storms with heavy rainmaking capability reach high into the atmosphere and those have very cold cloud top temperatures. Infrared imagery from NASA’s Terra satellite measures those temperatures and found those kind of powerful storms in Tropical Storm Laura drenching Hispaniola.

Warnings and Watches on Sunday, August 23rd, 2020: NOAA’s National Hurricane Center (NHC) issued many warnings and watches on Sunday, August 23rd, 2020.

On Aug. 22 at 10:00pm CT (Aug. 23 at 0300 UTC) the MODIS instrument that flies aboard NASA’s Terra satellite revealed the most powerful thunderstorms (yellow) surrounded Laura’s center where cloud top temperatures were as cold as or colder than minus 80 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 62.2 Celsius). Strong storms with cloud top temperatures as cold as minus 70 degrees (red) Fahrenheit (minus 56.6. degrees Celsius) surrounded those areas and blanketed Hispaniola and were dropping large amounts of rain. (NASA/NRL)

On Aug. 22 at 10:00pm CT (Aug. 23 at 0300 UTC) the MODIS instrument that flies aboard NASA’s Terra satellite revealed the most powerful thunderstorms (yellow) surrounded Laura’s center where cloud top temperatures were as cold as or colder than minus 80 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 62.2 Celsius). Strong storms with cloud top temperatures as cold as minus 70 degrees (red) Fahrenheit (minus 56.6. degrees Celsius) surrounded those areas and blanketed Hispaniola and were dropping large amounts of rain. (NASA/NRL)

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AAA says Tennessee Gas Prices climb Seven Cents

 

Clarksville has the Third Cheapest Gas Prices in Tennessee

AAANashville, TN – Tennessee motorists paid an average of $1.69 this Memorial Day – a nearly 82 cent discount over last year’s holiday. 

Today’s Tennessee Gas Price average is now $1.70 which is 14 cents more than one month ago and nearly 83 cents less than one year ago. 

79% of Tennessee gas stations have prices below $1.75. (AAA)

79% of Tennessee gas stations have prices below $1.75. (AAA)

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NASA Observes Australia’s Bushfires, From Smoke Going Round the World to Aerosol Levels

 

NASA - National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationGreenbelt, MD – NASA scientists using data from its NOAA/NASA Suomi NPP satellite, has traced the movement of the smoke coming off the Australian fires across the globe showing that it has circumnavigated the Earth.

In an image created from data gathered by the Ozone Mapping and Profiler Suite (OMPS) Nadir Mapper on Suomi NPP, a black circle shows the smoke which had been traced from its origins coming back to the eastern region of Australia after having traveled around the world.

This image of the UV aerosol index from the Suomi NPP satellite OMPS Nadir Mapper instrument showing a "close-up" from Jan. 13, 2020 (specifically orbit 42546). The image reveals that the smoke has now made its all the way back to eastern Australia (black circle). The red circle shows "newly formed" (or current) smoke that has just been emitted from the fires. The green circle shows the dust from an intense dust storm. (NASA/Colin Seftor)

This image of the UV aerosol index from the Suomi NPP satellite OMPS Nadir Mapper instrument showing a “close-up” from Jan. 13, 2020 (specifically orbit 42546). The image reveals that the smoke has now made its all the way back to eastern Australia (black circle). The red circle shows “newly formed” (or current) smoke that has just been emitted from the fires. The green circle shows the dust from an intense dust storm. (NASA/Colin Seftor)

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