Topic: Soviet Union
By Marsha Blackburn
Washington, D.C. – The Cold War was more than just a clash of nuclear superpowers: it was also a fundamental clash of ideas. As the Soviet Union and its allies pushed for rigid conformity to communism on a global scale, Americans found unity in the winning ideals of freedom and democracy.
While the Soviet Union has since dissolved, that clash between communism and freedom persists today, here in the United States.
Progressive activists understand the strength that patriotic American values wield and accordingly have rebranded many of the failed tenets of socialism under a new moniker of environmentalism.
Austin Peay State University professor Kevin Harris, student Nicholas Foreman to publish chapter in Oxford Handbook of Expertise
Clarksville, TN – “Before the Soviet Union fell, they thought they were rife with these natural chess players,” Dr. Kevin Harris, Austin Peay State University (APSU) professor of psychological science, said.
NASA’s Ames Research Center
Mountain View, CA – Slightly smaller than Earth, Venus is our closest planetary neighbor. Despite its proximity, relatively little was known about the planet in the late 1970s, especially its lower atmosphere. All that changed, though, when the most comprehensive study of the Venusian atmosphere began 40 years ago with the NASA Pioneer Venus project.
NASA’s Ames Research Center in California’s Silicon Valley managed the project, consisting of two spacecraft built by the Hughes Aircraft Company in El Segundo, California.
Written by Preston Dyches
Pasadena, CA – Sixty years ago next week, the hopes of Cold War America soared into the night sky as a rocket lofted skyward above Cape Canaveral, a soon-to-be-famous barrier island off the Florida coast.
The date was January 31st, 1958. NASA had yet to be formed, and the honor of this first flight belonged to the U.S. Army. The rocket’s sole payload was a javelin-shaped satellite built by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California. Explorer 1, as it would soon come to be called, was America’s first satellite.
Clarksville, TN – The Customs House Museum and Cultural Center is located in historic downtown Clarksville, Tennessee. Come explore an entire city block featuring large gallery spaces filled with fine art, science and history.
Some of the events in April at the Museum are: A Woman’s Touch: Celebrating Tennessee Crafts, James Alexander: Sculptural Thinkings, Elizabeth LaPenna: Expressions in Color, A Time of Mourning, Cast of Blues, Hook Rug Demonstration, and Women Writers Hour.
Austin Peay State University professor Antonio Thompson researching history of World War II POWs in Tennessee
Clarksville, TN – As thousands of American men traveled overseas to fight for the Allied forces during World War II, a surprising number of captured Axis prisoners of war (POWs) were making the opposite intercontinental journey.
A total of 425,000 Axis (Germany, Italy and Japan) POWs were held all across the United States in nearly every state. This marked the first time since the Civil War that large numbers of POWs were held on American soil.
Written by Guy Webster
Pasadena, CA – There was no tape draped across a finish line, but NASA is celebrating a win. The agency’s Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity completed its first Red Planet marathon Tuesday — 26.219 miles (42.195 kilometers) – with a finish time of roughly 11 years and two months.
“This is the first time any human enterprise has exceeded the distance of a marathon on the surface of another world,” said John Callas, Opportunity project manager at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California. “A first time happens only once.”
Written by Tony Phillips
Washington, D.C. – NASA’s Opportunity Mars rover, which landed on the Red Planet in 2004, now holds the off-Earth roving distance record after accruing 25 miles (40 kilometers) of driving, and is not far from completing the first extraterrestrial marathon. The previous record was held by the Soviet Union’s Lunokhod 2 rover.
“Opportunity has driven farther than any other wheeled vehicle on another world,” said Mars Exploration Rover Project Manager John Callas, of NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in Pasadena, California. “This is so remarkable considering Opportunity was intended to drive about one kilometer and was never designed for distance.”
NASA’s Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity surpasses distance traveled record of any NASA offworld vehicle
Written by Guy Webster
Pasadena, CA – While Apollo 17 astronauts Eugene Cernan and Harrison Schmitt visited Earth’s moon for three days in December 1972, they drove their mission’s Lunar Roving Vehicle 19.3 nautical miles (22.210 statute miles or 35.744 kilometers).
That was the farthest total distance for any NASA vehicle driving on a world other than Earth until yesterday.
Written by Dr. Tony Phillips
Washington, D.C. – Rewind to the late 1950s. The Soviet Union had just launched the first artificial satellite, Sputnik. The United States, caught short, was scrambling to catch up, kick-starting a Cold War space race that would last for decades. Space was up for grabs, and it seemed like anything could happen.
Into this void stepped the United Nations. In 1958, the General Assembly “recognizing the common interest of mankind in furthering the peaceful use of outer space … and desiring to avoid the extension of present national rivalries into this new field….” established the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (COPUOS).
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