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Tennessee State Fire Marshal Warns Tennesseans of Fire Hazards Posed by Medical Oxygen

Eight Fire Fatalities Involving Medical Oxygen Occurred in Tennessee in 2016

Tennessee State Fire MarshalNashville, TN – The Tennessee State Fire Marshal’s Office (SFMO) reminds consumers that homes where medical oxygen is used need specific fire safety rules to protect people from fire and burns.

“We urge Tennesseans to take extra care when using medical oxygen in the home,” said State Fire Marshal and Commerce & Insurance Commissioner Julie Mix McPeak. ”Oxygen saturates fabric-covered furniture, clothing, hair, and bedding, making it easier for a fire to start and spread. Help protect yourself, your loved ones, and your property by complying with the safety instructions that are provided with home medical oxygen supplies.”

Fire Safety

From 2011-2016 there were 34 fire fatalities in which medical oxygen was reported as present in the residence.

Eight fire fatalities involving medical oxygen occurred in Tennessee during 2016, the second-highest number recorded in the state’s history (2014 was first with 9 fatalities).

According to the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), smoking is the leading heat source resulting in medical oxygen-related fires, injuries and deaths.

The SFMO encourages Tennesseans to remember the following important precautions regarding home medical oxygen use:

Safety Tips

  • There is no safe way to smoke in the home when oxygen is in use. A patient on oxygen should not smoke.                                    
  • Candles, matches, wood stoves and even sparking toys can be ignition sources and should not be used in the home.                                                          
  • Keep oxygen cylinders at least five feet from heat sources, open flames or electrical devices.
  • Body oil, hand lotion and items containing oil and grease can easily ignite. Keep oil and grease away from where oxygen is in use.
  • Never use aerosol sprays – especially those whose cans indicate flammable contents – near the oxygen.
  • Post “No Smoking” and “No Open Flames” signs in and outside the home to remind people not to smoke.
  • Ensure smoke alarms are working by testing them monthly and replacing any smoke that is 10 years old or older.
  • Plan a home fire escape plan with two ways out of every room and a designated outside meeting place. Practice the plan with every member of your household.

For more information on making your home fire-safe, download and print the State Fire Marshal’s home fire safety checklist.  Tennessee residents can request a free smoke alarm for their home by visiting www.tn.gov/fire

About the Tennessee Department of Commerce & Insurance

TDCI protects the interests of consumers while providing fair, efficient oversight and a level field of competition for a broad array of industries and professionals doing business in Tennessee. Our divisions include the State Fire Marshal’s Office, Insurance, Securities, Consumer Affairs, Tennessee Law Enforcement Training Academy, Regulatory Boards, Tennessee Emergency Communications Board, Tennessee Corrections Institute, and TennCare Oversight.


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